What is IPO? IPO Investment Tips [2021]

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What is IPO? IPO Investment Tips [2021]

An Initial Public Offering (IPO) is a first-time offering of new shares in a public firm to the general public. Investors bid on the proposed shares, which are generally allotted to successful bidders.

What is IPO? IPO Investment Tips [2021]
What is IPO? IPO Investment Tips [2021]

What is an IPO?

The term “IPO” stands for “Initial Public Offering.” It occurs when a private corporation sells its shares to the public for the first time in order to raise funds. Furthermore, after an IPO, the company’s shares are listed on a stock exchange and are available for trading. An IPO, or initial public offering, is also known as “going public,” and an investment bank oversees the underwriting process. Furthermore, there are a variety of motivations for a firm to go for an IPO, some of which are listed below.

Reasons why a company goes through an IPO

Companies searching for growth opportunities frequently choose for an initial public offering (IPO) in order to raise funds. The additional capital raised is the most advantageous reason for an IPO. The money acquired through an IPO is used to buy PPE (property, plant, and equipment) and for R&D  (Research and development). After an IPO, a company’s name becomes more well-known, resulting in a new wave of potential clients.

IPO Investment Tips and Strategies

Here are some suggestions and tactics to assist you in making a better IPO investment decision.

1. Do your own research:

 Investing in initial public offerings (IPOs) is equivalent to indirectly investing in private enterprises. Because private firms are exempt from numerous disclosure regulations, they are extremely secretive and withhold a great deal of sensitive information from the public. Even professional examinations of IPOs collect data that is publicly accessible. They haven’t done any in-depth study, including any on the company’s internal operations or financials.

Although the company’s red herring prospectus presents a positive image of the company, it has been approved by the SEBI. Because this prospectus is prepared by the corporation, it will strive to hide its flaws and present itself as flawless. So, rather than relying on third-party research, do your own extensive investigation before investing in IPOs.

2.Know the funds that are you investing in:

The red herring prospectus will provide you with details on how the cash will be used. It is critical to understand this; the corporation should not be raising funds to pay down its debts. A company that is raising funds for research and expansion, on the other hand, is a better investment. Furthermore, such a company is well worth your time and money.

3. Read the Red herring prospectus:

When investing in an IPO, you should always read the red herring prospectus. You’ll become an equity investor, and unlike a debt investor, you won’t have any protection. It is critical to read it thoroughly and understand its purpose.

4. Go through the Valuations:

Finding the exact and correct valuations of a company is a difficult undertaking for retail investors. You should also establish a valuation benchmark based on the company’s peers. Investment bankers and underwriters will supply you with values so that you may appropriately analyze them.

5. Invest at a Cut-off price:

Investing in an initial public offering (IPO) is  highly dependant on luck. Within the price band, you bid on the price that is indicated. To ensure that you receive the allocation, your pricing should be at or near the cut-off price. Furthermore, only your application will be considered for the final allotment price if you invest at the cut-off price.

6. Choose IPOs that are backed by trusted brokers:

Brokers are in charge of managing and controlling IPOs. Only a large or strong corporation is underwritten by huge brokers. However, just because a prominent broker’s name appears on the IPO doesn’t mean you should buy it. You should also take into account the fact that an IPO endorsed by a well-known broker is a good thing.

7. Plan an Exit Strategy:

Plan an Exit Strategy is a crucial suggestion for short-term investors in IPOs. You must decide at what price you will sell your shares and book profits. A good company’s stock usually starts out high and then decreases in value over time. Furthermore, short-term investors who plan to exit in a few days should plan ahead. If the IPO does not work out, you’ll need to put up a stop loss and a booking profit.

8. Be Skeptical:

Although initial public offerings (IPOs) are thought to be safe, they are not since you must rely on a broker’s advice because information is not easily available. Many times, a broker may convince you to invest because he will be getting a good commission or because you will help him meet his goal. You should be skeptical of suggestions and base your decision on thorough investigation.

9. Know the Lock-in Period:

For holding shares, insiders and underwriters have a legal contract. The price will fall after the lock-in period, when the underwriter begins selling the shares. It demonstrates that the brokers are pessimistic about the company’s future prospects. It’s also a good sign if the underwriter does not sell or keep the stock following the lock-in period.

10. Examine the promoters and management:

For promoters, an IPO might act as an exit opportunity. Before you invest, you should investigate the promoters’ backgrounds and see what kind of experience they have with the company. You should also pay attention to the company’s management.

To invest in an IPO, you must first open a demat account. Choose the most cost-effective demat account.


To summarize, we looked at what an initial public offering (IPO) is. The short answer is IPO, which stands for Initial Public Offering. It occurs when a corporation sells its shares to the public for the first time in order to raise funds. In addition, we looked into the reasons why companies seek to go public. Finally, we looked at several investment advice and tactics for investingFree in IPO.

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  1. Is it good to invest in IPO?

    IPOs attract to investors because they are based on the principle of “buy low, sell high.” Investors commonly believe that stock prices would rise after an initial public offering (IPO). As a result, there is a rush to buy excellent stocks from companies with strong fundamentals at a reasonable price.

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